World Malaria Day: Global Research Needed to Address a Disease without Borders

In recognition of World Malaria Day (April 25, 2008), the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), released two documents that describe a set of actions—national as well as international—that lay the scientific foundation for continued public health advances in the struggle against malaria. The theme of this inaugural World Malaria Day, “A Disease Without Borders,” reflects the worldwide impact of malaria and underscores the increased need for global collaboration. More than 40 percent of the world’s population living in more than 100 countries is at risk of contracting malaria. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 300 million to 500 million cases of clinical malaria worldwide occur each year, killing 1.3 million people, most of whom live in developing nations. The vast majority of deaths occur in children under the age of 5 and in pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria also impedes economic growth and development in affected countries. As part of our broad effort in global health research, NIAID supports basic, translational and clinical research to develop the tools needed to prevent, treat and control malaria.

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